Coir “the golden fiber” is the fiber extracted from the coconut husk. And Kerala produces the finest Coco fiber, also it is one of the oldest coir producing region. Coir is the most durable natural fiber and it is evolved to many forms to add value to nature and life. Keralites started using it for house hold cleaning and made ropes to bind things in ancient times. Then better ropes are evolved and the travelers and countries traded in the region spread coir across the globe. Also coir ropes are used extensively in ships and people in different parts of the world start recognizing it. And the strength, flexibility and durability made people to switch to coir ropes and “Alappuzha” in Kerala became a universal hub of coir manufacturing and export. And now it is one of the most desired and fibers world over.
White and Brown Coco fiber
White coco fiber is extracted from ripened green husks; they are soft and white or pale brown. This is flexible and fine compared with brown fiber. And white fiber is used in making floor mats and ropes.
Brown coir fiber is extracted from ripened and dried coconut shell. It is stronger compared to the white ones. The lignin content is more and that makes brown coir fiber the strongest among all natural fibers like jute, hemp, linen etc… It is widely used in the production of ropes, mats, geo textiles and brushes.
Coir is extracted from the coconut husk; the outer covering of the hard coconut shell. In earlier days the husk is deposited in water bodies after taking the coconut – seed. This is done to soften the husk and it makes it easier to beat it with hand to extract the fiber. Now this kind of reting process is not done in Kerala and a new method with micro organisms is developed so that there is no water or air pollution . And the hand beating processes are mechanized, and this enables ease of production.